Friday, May 28, 2010


Harmony was accidently bred... I had this over eager hormonal male that I had acquired that bred her and another show female who just needed a point to finish... I decided he was too risky to keep around and placed him.

Harmony is very small just barely 4# I kept her intact to show her ... she was a extreme piebald parti and beautiful... her first time in the ring she placed 1st in her class and took best of opposite in sweepstakes which back 13 years ago was pretty unheard of... parti color didn't win...

Well, unfortuantely, it only took one time and she was pregnant. She was HUGE the poor thing was miserable.. she had 3 weeks to go and she became paralyzed.. she could not use her rear end... I was freak'd.. she was/is my baby. It turned out the pups were laying on a nerve in her back and she could not do anything.. couldn't stand just leaked pee.. it was horrible... I contacted all kinds of dog vets, acupuncturists, chiropractors to see what we could do to help her. Everyone said once the pups shifted she would be OK.. well I gave it two days and if they didn't move I was aborting them.. I wasn't risking her life for the sake of puppies.

Luckily 2 days later sure enough they shifted and she was fine! She was so "stuffed" she could barely eat I had to feed her canned food every hour... she was a week early and she went into labor... Now I had assisted my vet husband with emergency c-sections a million times.. but I was a wreck I couldn't even watch.. she was my extra special baby.. (she also only had one kidney - see my second litter story)

They gassed her down.. and my husband got out the scalpel (now remember she was seriously like a stuffed pork chop) he made the initial slice down her belly and the pups BURST out of the inscision so fast he actually cut the face and leg and almost amputated a toe off one of the pups and they flew out. They were 5 and 6 oz puppies two a male who is Banjo and a girl who I called Cut-her cause that's what he did but they call her Cutter! Cutter ended up 12 pounds and Banjo 6 pounds! beautifully marked parti's. (dad was a 6# parti)

Harmony got spayed at the same time because I never wanted to go through this ever again. Showing for me wasn't more important than her life.

Because Harmony was so small she didn't have much milk. Luckily her mom had whelped a singleton the day before she did. He was huge... their pens were right next to each other.. the pups stayed with Harmony and she took care of them but she must have known she didn't have enough milk she would get out of the whelping box and her mom would come in lay down and nurse those pups.. in all the years I had been breeding or had dogs I've never heard or seen a bitch do this (most bitches want to kill another bitches pups) then when Harmony's mom was done she would go back to her pup and Harmony would go back to her pups.. they did this til they were weaned.. it was amazing.


This was Trinket first litter. She was huge well she looked that way! Her due date came and went... she had no symptoms, so labor signs nothing... another I just know my dogs and something wasn't right... so I took her in for a c-section. The vet opened her up and her uterus was paper thin and full of pus... their were two pups and they were coated in pus they had it in their mouths and all over them.. the bigger of the two my vet got out first as she didn't think the smaller one was even alive... but then she realized he was... but she got them both revived. The mom had to be spayed. Both pups had septicemia and were sick babies..the vet didn't even think they would make it... she gave me antibiotics for pups and mom and sent us home and wished me luck. I took them all home got mom set up in the pen... gave her drugs.. then turned my attention to the pups.. I gave them IV fluids SQ and Clavamox.. along with fading puppy syndrome.. it was touch and go for a week but I brought them around. They grew up. The girl went to live and is a top breeding dog for CR Poms and the boy is a beloved pet.

Thursday, May 27, 2010


It was Rumor's first litter. I bred her but I didn't think she took.. She never looked pregnant... didn't act pregnant until she went into labor... on a Saturday.. I figured she had one in her... I was up all night with her and nothing.. I got her to a vet (not my regular) on call at the main clinic I go to... the vet x-rayed her and said she only had one ( Now this is the rub.. if you take a dog in for a c-section they really do not need to be x-rayed you just get charged for it) the vet said it was HUGE and she needed a c-section.. I never saw the x-ray so they took her in for a c-section...3 hours later I got her back (another BS of it doesn't take that long to do a freak'n c-section.. I know I was married to a vet he could do one in 20 minutes..I assisted him many atime!!) She said the pup had a small cleft but it was no big deal and the pup would be fine. Mind you this was about 4 pm when I left the vets on a Sunday.. it takes me 35 min to get home... I got home opened the crate and my bitch had a 6" inscision and my HUGE pup was a freak'n 2.0 oz... In Pomdom land that is absolute LITTLE .... huge is 7 oz.. and then I looked at her and she had a huge hair lip and a cleft palate.. she could not latch on at all... I cannot tell you how livid I was over this... I had to listen to that poor pup all nite til the clinic opened so I could take her in and have her euthanized... I called the owner of the clinic and complained.. and his statement was a hair lip is a cleft palate.. I tried to explain that they are different.. and found a website that stated the same but not... When you need a c-setion you are at the mercy of whoever you get.. it SUCKS!! The majority of vets here are not on call they send you to the emergency clnic or our clinic is a conglomerate of clinics with the main one being open on weekends and extended hours but you get whatever vet is working some are better than others!!


by Julie Clemen, Rise N Shine Poms
My first litter of hand raised puppies that I based this article on.

First you need puppies! Then you need a small room you can control the temperature in fairly easy.

Tools of the trade:

100% cotton pads (square or round) work great and don’t “shed” like cotton balls.

Formula (I’ll list some recipes at the end) you can use home made or store bought. My preference is Just Born mixed with fresh goats milk.

Nutri Drops, Fading Puppy Syndrome, IV fluids, Bene Bac, Pedialyte, Nutri Stat, Nutri Cal, Phazyme infant drops.

1 cup measuring cup that can be put on stove top.

Syringe and silicone nipple ( Mothering Kit available through Jeffers) or you can use the small pet bottles. I found my puppies loved the silicone nipples over the latex or rubber nipples. At a week old I switched to human small baby bottle with silicone nipple from my local grocery store.


Notebook for a weight chart

Cup Warmer

Thermometer to keep track of room temperature

Heating Pad

Whelping Box - something small I used the bottom of a 100 crate. Across the front of the crate I tape a piece of cardboard as tall as the crate so they can’t crawl out.

Comb or soft brush

Lots of Towels!

My babies arrived via c-section on a Sunday morning. The mother was deathly ill from pneumonia due to a bad case of bordetella. She was too sick to even look at puppies so I was on my own totally! I immediately gave them Fading Puppy Syndrome and did every hour for the next 6 hours.

I prepared their box. I took a standard human heating pad and took a bath towel folded it in half and wrapped the edges around the heating pad. This fit perfect in the bottom of the 100 crate. I turned the heating pad on to 1.

I also had a heater in the room so my room was a constant 80 degrees. I weighed each puppy then placed it in the box. I took a towel and placed it over top of the back of the crate leaving 6 inch opening towards the front and tucked it under the crate sides. I just let the puppies be for the first 6 hours. At 6 hours I gave them Just Born 1 cc’s per ounce. But knowing what I now know I would only give goats milk or glucose for the first 24 hours. They have a hard time digesting the first 24 hours. The mother’s colostrum is thinner than their regular milk. I fed the pups every 3 hours. Every book I read and even the formulas gave different opinions on how often. I decided every 3 hours and this worked for me.

I syringe fed for the first week. Tube feeding is a whole other ball game and I’m not going to get into that in this article.

I would pour the formula into the measuring cup and place on low on the burner…you could also boil a pan of water take it off of the burner and place the measuring cup in it to warm the milk. The trick is to just warm the milk not cook it or you’ll constipate them. If your milk develops a skin on top toss it and start over.

At this same time I would boil the nipple and sterilize it and the syringe by drawing up the boiling water into it.

I fed the pups first then got them to defecate after they ate. I found this much more productive than trying to get them to poop first. To stimulate them to poop I dipped the cotton pad in warm water ( I used a coffee mug) then gently rub from below the tail up to the base of the tail in semi quick strokes like a mother dog would lick. Their poop due to the formula is the consistency and color of Gulden’s Mustard….ok so you won’t look at mustard the same again but it’s worth it! It can be seedy looking. I gave Bene Bac to the pups as directed on the label. Make sure you burp your puppy after feeding. Hold the puppy in the palm of your left hand and with your right hand start at the base of the tail and make slow circular motions all the way to the top of the pups shoulders. If they don’t burp that is OK.

It’s very important to make sure the puppies don’t experience any drafts for the first couple of weeks. They cannot regulate their body temperature. It’s also important to make sure they are not getting too hot. You can check for dehydration by lifting their skin up on in the middle of their back if it snaps back they are fine if it rolls back they are dehydrated. You can add Pedialyte to their formula or just give separate between feedings. If the skin is sticking straight up they need IMMEDIATE attention and should be given IV fluids under the skin. Hydration is very important.

Make sure their skin is pinkish red color but not bright pink red. If it’s a bright pink red they are too hot. If you turn the heat down and it doesn’t change you then need to make sure they haven’t developed a bacterial infection, which can occur between 5 to 7 days that can fatal. Take them to your vet for antibiotics.

When feeding the puppies if milk comes out their nose…it’s not a good thing. Immediately wipe it off their nose. You don’t want them to inhale it into their lungs which could turn into Pneumonia. It’s not the end of the world if the milk comes out the nose just try and avoid it. It seemed in my experience if the pups drank too fast it would come out their nose. When this happened at 1 and 2 days old I did give them some amoxi drops to make sure it wouldn’t go into pneumonia.

When I fed straight Just Born in the beginning the pups would have a pasty mouth and would easily become dehydrated. I started mixing it with Fresh Goats milk. ( a note on goats milk. If the mother goat is in the first month(s) of milk production the milk is richer than towards the end of their milk cycle and you will have to adjust your feedings accordingly) The goats milk was more “watery” and they didn’t dehydrate. Because the goat I was getting milk from was toward’s her last month of production her milk wasn’t rich enough to sustain the pups on it just plain. I found too that if I made the “formula” to thin it had a much greater chance of coming out the pups nose than if it was thicker.

I had a problem with the two pups sucking on each other private parts and drinking the pee and not wanting to eat as much. At two days as hard as it was I had to separate them. Splitting a 100 crate was too small so I moved them to a 200 crate bottom. You can try a rolled up towel and place between them or I created a T out of card board and placed it long ways down the middle of the whelping box. With the front of the T covering the opening to the crate. Because they no longer have a sibling to cuddle with it’s important to give them a “faux” sibling either by a stuffed animal or you can use a sock stuffed with other socks and tie a knot at the end.

I came up with the following schedule 7 am, 11 am, 2 pm, 5 pm , 7pm and 11 pm. This worked great for me. I did this for the first 2 ½ weeks. After the first two weeks I switch to every 4 hours round the clock. At 3 weeks I switched to 5 hours at nigh. During the day 4 hours and at 4 ½ weeks I switched to 6 hours at night but 4 hours during the day.

I weighed the pups 2 times a day every day no matter what. This is the only way to make sure they are continually gaining and that you are feeding them enough formula. I made a weight chart and kept a clip board right next to my scale.

I increased the puppies formula according to their weight and added a cc. Some books said they would stop when they got full…not mine..they would drink until it made them sick so I would have to make sure I didn’t over feed them. My pups never cried when they were hungry.

I did encounter constipation. I used mineral oil a 1/8 of a cc up to ¼ of a cc on a one pound pup. You can also try a ¼ dollop of Nutri Cal. I did have to give an enema. For this I used a #5 French feeding tube and syringe. I took a mild soap (used almond castile soap) one squirt of soap to a cup of water. I drew up 1 cc of soapy water into a syringe. I inserted the French feeding tube into the rectum and squirted ½ of the water. I then took it out and stimulated the pup if it didn’t go then I repeated the above and used the rest of the soapy water until it pooped.

I didn’t have any problems with colic. Everyone recommends phazyme infant drops for this problem.

Since the pups have no mom to clean them at 2 weeks I would take a wet warm wash cloth and rub them with it. I would also take a comb and comb their fur to help stimulate the natural oils in their coat that a mother dogs licking would do. I comb them every day. At 2 weeks I also trimmed their toenails and the hair around their anus. I really trimmed this short as when your hand stimulating them the hair makes it harder to clean their bums. At 3 ½ weeks I trim the hair on the pads of their feed to make sure they have good traction. I also trim the hair in front of their eyes. You want to make sure that no hair touches their eyes as it can irritate and cause damage to the cornea of the eye.

I was able to reunite the puppies after they had been separated at 4 weeks of age.
Most books talk about weaning hand fed babies at 3 weeks. I found that pom babies are just not developed enough to do this. I started weaning them at 4 weeks. First I have them drinking/licking off a spoon for a few days the I pour their milk into a plate saucer. Once they have the hang of that I start switching them from milk to solids.

I take my dog food and stick it in the coffee bean grinder and pulverize it until it’s a powder. I take a tablespoon and add about 2 to 4 tablespoons of hot water and let sit for a couple of minutes and let the food totally absorb the water. I then add some milk too it so that it’s soupy and pour into the saucer. I continue to give the pups bene bac or some sort of accidopholis for their GI tracks during this time. After a couple of days of soupy I gradually make it thicker and thicker. Then I’ll take their regular kibble (this is when they have teeth) soak it in the water until soft and give this to them. I will mix in a bit of Gerber meat baby food.

I checked for worms at 2 weeks and 4 weeks. Though the sample came back clean I did worm them with Nemex 2 at 4 weeks and one did pass a worm. I’ll worm them again at 6 weeks.

Vaccinating and worming are a personal preference. Because my pups have no colostrum I will vaccinate them at 5 weeks. The vaccines state it can be given at 4 weeks but I feel their immune system can’t be developed enough by then. I over vaccinated a dog once and ruined her health. It made her prone to skin problems so I won’t do that again. I will then repeat the vaccine at 8 weeks. For the first shot I will do full shots of just parvo and distemper. Again you must do what you feel is right. There is no right or wrong but they do need to be vaccinated.

Best wishes with hand rearing your puppies!

Ebony's Litter

I had waited to breed Ebony until she was 3 1/2 years old. She had been my show dog and was on the show circuit in AZ with Curtiss for 9 months. She wasn't able to finish her championship so I decided I'd better breed her as she was getting old to breed for the first time... by "breeder rules".. At the time I had recently imported a male from the Phillipines.. well with him came a really nasty strain of kennel cough unlike anything my then vet husband or I had ever encountered we had the hardest time clearing him up and all my dogs got it including Ebony who was 3 weeks from Whelping. Because Ebony was pregnant we weren't able to give her the major antibiotic we had to give to everyone else (zithrowmax ..just came out!!) Ebony had was coughing horribly and this some one from NZ gave me this cough recipe - 1 TB Aloe, 1 tsp melucca honey 1/4 tsp Brandy and this really did work... everyone kidded me I was turning her into a lush!! ... I was doing all kinds of herbs to keep her going... that wouldn't affect the puppies..finally she went into labor but was so sick she had to have a c-section... which my then ex-vet husband did good thing he was quick ... pups were OK healthy and kicking... Ebony on the other hand was horrifically sick and going under the knife didn't help her... So this was my first hand raising experience where I had to do all the work... Now I look back and think how anal I was - LOL... I put my whole handrearing experience in another blog post. Ebony had green puss coming out her nose she could barely breathe... my vet husband wanted me to euthanize her... I told him NO... I tried steaming her in the bathroom but that was too much for her so I would put a pan of boiling water with a titch of vinegar on the stove had hold her head over the steam 6 times a day... (meanwhile hand feeding every two hours) and having to hot compress her for mastitis... I cannot tell you the stress of all this... it was enough darn near to make me never want to breed again.. and it took me a year before I even thought about it... but I saved Ebony much to the amazement of my vet husband .. and I raised her puppies who also did come down with kennel cough too at 2 weeks abouts... that's when I noticed it.. and I had to did a bathroom steam with them WRONG WRONG... I just about suffocated them in their own fluids... the vet told me to put them in the oven to dry them out!! so I did on 200 deg with the door open.. and set them in the oven... this worked great!!

Tuesday, May 25, 2010

Spring's litter

Spring was a good size girl 7 pounds. She had free whelped previously. She was bred to my champion male and I was anxiously awaiting this litter. We x-rayed her and she had 5 puppies.. they looked small enough to pass.

Spring went into labor but I could tell she was "stuck" to many puppies for her to push out... So a c-section she went. Luckily it was during the day and my favorite vets who "tolerate" all my "rules" delivered 5 babies of various colors. All was going well.. Spring was an excellent mom.

Because Spring had a c-section she was on clavamox. But 4 days later Spring kept shaking so I thought she was having eclampsia (which is common in big litters) and was giving her calcium... but something was just off... Although her temperature was normal, no discharge (which is acutally a sign they should have some bloody discharge) So I ran her into the vet clinic. They checked her blood for low calcium but he white count was off the chart.... Spring was in major trouble she was doing pyrometria... ( a uterine infection) so she was rushed into surgery and spayed.... her whole uterus was a pus mess.

I took her home and got home opened the crate door to blood squirting out her inscision (sp) and the pad underneath her soaked in blood ( mind you I'm 15 min from the clinic) I called hysterically.. (not every day one see's blood squirting out sutured area)... the clinic but it was closed so called the emergency number and finally got hold of the doc she said she meet me back at the clinic pronto.... (this was 9 pm at night now)

My vet ran her in tried sewing her back up but she wasn't clotting.. she had to have a blood transfusion Immediately... and would stay with my vet. She even took her home later to keep on eye on her (thank you Dr. Natalie at Healthy Pets Animal Hospital)

It was touch and go for Spring ... Not to mention I was now handing feeding 5 puppies every 3 hours! The next day Spring was still alive and stable. But the pups would not be allwowed to nurse on her because of all the drugs they had to give her to stablize her... Now how was I going to do that!!

I came up with the idea of using a Human newborns Onesie .. cut out a hole for the tail and put that on her.. now I did have to put duct tape around the leg opening part cause the little boogers would crawl up inside the leg opening to nurse... Spring also developed mastitis and so I had to do warm hot compresses a few times a day and milk her just a bit to keep her comfortable.

The best part of having the momma dog is that although not able to feed she can keep them clean, warm and bonded. I cannot tell you how exhausted I was handfeeding and Nursing Spring back to health!!

These puppies went on to have perfectly normal and healthy free whelped litters. This of course was the last of Springs litters.

Promise's Litter

Promise was bred and had a litter of pups. She free whelped. One of the pups had a small cut at the base of the top of it's tail... I thought it was a small cut somehow... then a friend came over and showed me that the pup had spina bifada (sp) and was leaking spinal fluid ...

She showed me how when you put pressure against it's back legs it couldn't push back.. thus the puppy would not be able to nurse efficiently and was paralyzed. So the puppy was humanly euthanized.